In the closest finish in nearly three decades of identifying the nation’s top airlines, Alaska Air barely edged out Delta Airlines to retain its No. 1 position, according to the 28th annual Airline Quality Rating (AQR), announced today, Monday, April 9, at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C.
Additionally, the AQR – a joint research project funded as part of faculty research activities at the W. Frank Barton School of Business at Wichita State University (Wichita, Kansas) and Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s Prescott, Arizona, campus – revealed that for the 2017 year, the airline industry as a whole performed better than in previous years.
The differential in the final overall score for best airline came down to only 0.005 between No. 1 Alaska Air and No. 2 Delta – who held onto the same spots achieved in the previous year’s ranking.
Key findings show that three of the four AQR factors tracked – involuntary denied boardings, mishandled bags and customer complaints – improved for the airline industry in 2017. On-time performance, the most heavily weighted element in the AQR, slipped in 2017.
This year’s report also reveals the lowest rate of bumped passengers for the industry and the lowest rate of mishandled baggage for the industry since the AQR started in 1991.
Alaska’s and Delta’s performance actually slipped slightly in 2017, but the pair still finished on top. One significant finding is the gap between the best and worst performing airlines tightened in 2017.
Only three of the 12 airlines improved in all four categories – American Airlines, Frontier and United. Nine of the airlines rated performed better in 2017 over their 2016 AQR scores. Airlines that performed better in 2017 were American, Express Jet, Frontier, Hawaiian, Jet Blue, SkyWest, Southwest, Spirit and United. Those airlines whose scores declined in 2017 were Alaska, Delta and Virgin America.
“Overall, another good year of industry performance. The best-ever industry AQR score for 2017 is largely due to improvements in the rate of involuntary denied boardings and the rate of mishandled bags. Consumers have demanded this, and the industry listened and improved,” said Dean Headley, associate professor of marketing at the W. Frank Barton School of Business at Wichita State University.
Study co-researcher Brent Bowen, professor of aeronautical science at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s Prescott, Arizona, campus, says the impact of passengers’ use of social media to publicize issues in real time puts pressure on airlines to respond immediately and change their culture.
“A year ago, everyone watched a video of a passenger being dragged off of a plane, and even in recent months, airlines have had to deal with negative publicity via traditional media and social media for everything from mishandled bags and extended delays to fights onboard and cancellations. 2017 was a rough year for the airlines in the public’s eye,” Bowen said. “But the results of the study show that they are making the effort – even if it may seem incremental to the traveling public, the numbers are there. By offering increased transparency into their internal processes and expedited response times to passenger issues, we’re seeing improvements pretty much across the board.”
An electronic version of the full report, with details on each airline, is available at airlinequalityrating.com.
Inside this year’s rating
Below is the 2017 ranking of the nation’s largest 12 airlines, according to the Airline Quality Rating, with the 2016 ranking in parentheses:
1. Alaska (1)
2. Delta (2)
3. JetBlue (4)
4. Hawaiian (5)
5. Southwest (6)
6. SkyWest (7)
7. Virgin America (3)
8. United (8)
9. American (9)
10. ExpressJet (10)
11. Frontier (12)
12. Spirit (11)
As a note, the 2017 rating does include the same 12 airlines as in 2016. However, Virgin America and Alaska worked toward a merger of the airlines that was realized in early 2018.
Hawaiian Airlines had the best on-time performance (88.2 percent) for 2017, and Virgin America had the worst (70.0 percent).
Four airlines improved their on-time arrival performance in 2017. Six of the 12 airlines rated had an on-time arrival percentage of more than 80 percent. On-time performance for the industry in 2017 was 80.2 percent, compared to 81.4 percent in 2016.
Involuntary denied boardings
Delta was the industry leader in avoiding involuntary denied boarding incidents in 2017 with a rate of 0.05 per 10,000 passengers, respectively. Spirit had the highest involuntary denied boarding rate with 0.82 per 10,000 passengers.
Nine airlines improved their denied boardings rate in 2017. ExpressJet recorded the largest improvement and Spirit had the largest increase in the rate of denied boardings. Delta (0.05) and Hawaiian (0.09) are clear industry leaders in avoiding denied boarding incidents. Industry performance was better in 2017 (0.34 per 10,000 passengers) than it was in 2016 (0.62).
The industry performance is the lowest rate of involuntary denied boardings since the AQR started in 1991.
Spirit had the best baggage handling rate (1.61 mishandled bags per 1,000 passengers) of all airlines, and ExpressJet had the worst baggage handling rate (3.88) mishandled bags per 1,000 passengers.
Seven airlines had improved mishandled baggage rates in 2017. The industry rate decreased from 2.70 per 1,000 passengers in 2016 to 2.46 in 2017, setting another industry performance record for lowest rate of mishandled baggage since the launch of AQR.
Southwest had the lowest consumer complaint rate (0.47 per 100,000 passengers) of all airlines. Spirit had the highest consumer complaint rate (5.59 per 100,000 passengers).
Customer complaints per 100,000 passengers decreased from 1.52 in 2016 to 1.35 in 2017. The majority of complaints (74 percent) to the Department of Transportation were for flight problems (42.0 percent), baggage (11.0 percent), customer service (10.6 percent), and reservations, ticketing and boarding (10.4 percent).
More about the Airline Quality Rating
As the nation’s longest running study of airline performance quality, the Airline Quality Rating (airlinequalityrating.com) sets the industry standard, providing consumers and industry watchers a means to compare performance quality among airlines using objective performance-based data.
No other study in the country is based on performance measures like the AQR. Criteria included in the report are screened to meet two basic elements: They must be readily obtainable from published data sources for each airline, and they must be important to consumers regarding airline quality. The resulting criteria include areas such as baggage handling, customer complaints, involuntary denied boardings and on-time arrivals.
The co-authors invite the flying public to participate in the Annual Passenger Survey at airlinequalityrating.com/survey.
MEDIA CONTACTS AND NOTES:
Media unable to attend the news conference in Washington, D.C., may receive a copy of the AQR news release on the day of the news conference (Monday, April 9) by contacting the following:
An electronic version of the full report will be available after 9:30 a.m. (EDT) Monday, April 10, at airlinequalityrating.com. Click on the "press release" tab to access the ratings directly.
Headley and Bowen will be available for interviews following Monday's news conference. To reach Headley, call the Hilton Garden Inn in Washington, D.C., at 202-783-7800 and ask for the room of Dean Headley, or call Joe Kleinsasser at 316-204-8266. To interview Brent Bowen, call Melanie Hanns at 386-283-0753.
About Wichita State University
The mission of Wichita State University (www.wichita.edu) is to be an essential educational, cultural and economic driver for Kansas and the greater public good. Wichita State is a doctoral research university enrolling about 15,000 students and offering 59 undergraduate degree programs in more than 150 areas of study in seven undergraduate colleges. The Graduate School offers 45 master's and 12 doctoral degrees that offer study in more than 100 areas. Wichita State's Innovation Campus (www.wsuinnovationcampus.org) is an interconnected community of partnership buildings, laboratories and mixed-use areas where students, faculty, staff, entrepreneurs and businesses have access to the university's vast resources and technology. For more information, follow us on Twitter (www.twitter.com/wichitastate) and Facebook (www.facebook.com/wichita.state).
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, the world’s largest, fully accredited university specializing in aviation and aerospace, is a nonprofit, independent institution offering more than 80 baccalaureate, master’s and Ph.D. degree programs in its colleges of Arts & Sciences, Aviation, Business, Engineering and Security & Intelligence. Embry-Riddle educates students at residential campuses in Daytona Beach, Fla., and Prescott, Ariz., through the Worldwide Campus with more than 125 locations in the United States, Europe, Asia and the Middle East, and through online programs. The university is a major research center, seeking solutions to real-world problems in partnership with the aerospace industry, other universities and government agencies. For more information, visit erau.edu, follow us on Twitter (@EmbryRiddle) and facebook.com/EmbryRiddleUniversity, and find expert videos at YouTube.com/EmbryRiddleUniv.